The ocean is the final frontier of food. In much of the world, the only wild food that people consume is seafood. However, seafood is farmed as well as wild caught, and the aquaculture sector is growing faster than many other major food production sectors. Domestic marine aquaculture has increased in volume and value since 2009.
Aquaculture is a broad term used to refer to any farmed aquatic species, from freshwater trout to saltwater shellfish. Although freshwater aquaculture and onshore saltwater aquaculture are both important and growing U.S. economic sectors, this report deals solely with saltwater farms that are placed in existing natural systems offshore.The above excerpt was originally published in Center for American Progress.